Carved furniture an ancient art of making elegant and timeless classic hand carved furniture from wood. Over time, this art continued to develop for centuries and today this art holds its own place in the world.
Hand made bespoke carved furniture remains in great demand in the world even today, it has been of great interest especially among the wealthy and aristocrats.
Actually hand carved furniture is not just a furniture but a special kind of art, that is why it has so much popularity among the elite and rich people.
If you look in the windows of history, innumerable such luxurious historical buildings, forts, castles are still standing with pride, whose grand and large rooms are furnished with hand-carved furniture. These luxurious buildings are beautifully narrating the history of this magnificent art.
Furniture made by hand carving is unique in itself and this unique art is well understood by those who have seen it closely, have recognized the hard work, dedication and passion behind its making.
Beautiful flower clusters, curved vines, fondly carved leaves. A variety of geometric designs, beautiful faces, cabriole legs, carved festoon and a variety of motifs make carving furniture a classy art.
This is such a profession and it is an art that is found only in selected places of the world because it takes a lot of time to make hand-carved furniture and its buyer is only a few selected people, this reason also makes it expensive. .
Like other art, it takes a lot of time, so it also tests the patience of the buyer and the connoisseur.
With simple-looking tools made of some hard iron and using his beautiful imagination, the artist creates furniture and other works of art by creating magic with his hands on the wood.
Let us give you an in-depth information of each step from the beginning one by one, how a unique hand carving artwork is made.
Carved Furniture Manufacturing Process
1.Drawing: If you ask any expert craftsman in the world, what is the special contribution in the quality of any carving artwork? So you will get only one answer and that is the most important and the first thing is drawing.
Drawing is an important aspect in the context of carved furniture or in the context of any other handicraft, it is really a matter of making your imagination come true on paper, this will give you a real idea of how long it will take and how it will look.
If the artist is going to make carving furniture for a client, then this is the only way for him to show the design to the client, after seeing the drawing, the client can make changes according to his choice.
2.Wood selection and cutting: The second step in carving furniture designing is the choice of strong, best and right size wood, if required then multiple wood pieces will be joined together using adhesive to get the desired wood size.
Sometimes it can take up to 2 years to carve a sculpture, the time taken for carving mainly depends on the size, shape and design of the sculpture or furniture as well as the skill of the artist.
Wood carving art is divided into 8 different methods and styles depending on the technique and tools used.
Out of which 3 are mainly used in carving furniture.
- 1.chip carving
- 2. Relief carving
- 3. Scandinavian flat-plane
4. Carpentry: In the case of carved furniture, the final carpentry of the furniture is done once again after the artist has finished carving all the parts of the furniture. In the final carpentry all the carved parts are put together, and this work should be done according to the marks marked when the carpentry was done for the first time.
After the carpentry is complete, take a look again at the places where the joinery is done, the carving may need finishing.
Wood sculpture carving usually does not require a very skilled carpentry. If there is a need to add a different piece of wood somewhere in the sculpture, then a skilled sculpture artist knows how to do this work easily.
5. Finishing: The important step after carpentry and carving of carved furniture is the finishing.
Carved furniture finishing is a very interesting and detailed subject in itself, from the old times till now, new methods and techniques have been added to it, which gives an interesting flavor to the subject.
In the early period, carving furniture was mainly finished with natural colours, oils and waxes. The raw material for finishing was prepared from tree gum, shellac, beeswax, vegetable oil, etc. If any kind of colour had to be used in the furniture, then the colours prepared from plants- leaves and flowers were used.
Mainly oil, wax, shellac and lacquer were used in the early stages in the finishing of furniture.
With the passage of time, the technology kept on improving and accordingly the finishing materials also changed.
In today’s modern era, many international companies are spending a lot of money in research to prepare different types of advanced finishes for the furniture industry. From time to time, these companies keep introducing advanced quality furniture finishing products in the markets Which can be sprayed, can also be applied with a brush.
Talking about finishing in the context of carved furniture, it is a whole process in which skilled artists make the carved wood which has rough and uneven surface, smooth and colourful through various processes and materials. This step-by-step process of finishing is completed in several stages, depending on the type of finishing, the steps may be more or less.
4 different looking finish
♦ Rustic finish
♦ Antique Finish
♦ Distress Finish
♦ PU Laminated finish
Bases on sheen finishing can be
♦ High Gloss ♦ Semi-Gloss ♦ Satin ♦ Matt ♦ Dead Matt
The complete process of finishing carved furniture is described in detail here step by step.
(a). Sanding: Carved furniture or any other carved product, even if it does not have to give any special finishing or colour, still sanding is a process that should be done after carving, sanding makes the carving clean, smooth, shiny and beautiful. Remember always go with the grain. Going against the grain can create scratches that are impossible to remove.
This is the most difficult work, each and every flower and leaf of the carving has to be rubbed with sanding paper many times from all sides, then it becomes smooth and clean. Sanding work plays an important role in making carved furniture look better, the better the sanding, the more beautiful the furniture will look. It takes a lot of time to sand the carved furniture properly, the nails of those who do it break, the skin of the fingers also peels.
Different types of sand paper and other tools are used for sanding. For sanding, coarse sand paper is used in the beginning, then after that fine sandpaper is used as per convenience. The sanding process is repeated over and over again until the desired finish is achieved. Sandpaper is chosen on the basis of grit number.
(b). Rubbing: Rubbing is mainly done to soften the carving and avoid moisture to the wood, for this a variety of oils, alcohol and other substances are used. Natural oils enhance the beauty and depth of grain in wood. Rubbing material is selected according to the type of finishing required.
(c) Colouring: After sanding and rubbing, when carved furniture looks clean, smooth and soft, it is considered ready for colour. Various types of paints, stains and dyes are used for colouring.
This process of colouring is done before the work of upholstery.
Various colour techniques and different types of paints are used to finish the carved furniture. Paint companies keep introducing their special products in the market.
Some different types of paints and other material that are used for furniture finishing are mentioned below.
♦ PU Paint ♦ Enamel ♦ Oil and oil based paint finish ♦ Varnish ♦ Shellac ♦ Dye ♦ Stain ♦ Lacquers ♦ Water-Based Paint ♦ Acrylic Paint ♦ Chalk paint ♦ French Polish
The application, quality, lifetime of all these colours is different from each other and their results are also different, this is a completely personal choice, after consulting any expert about it, you can make your choice.
6. Upholstery: The process of making soft covers for chairs, sofas and other furniture materials is called upholstery. The upholstery process uses fabric, padding, webbing, cellular polyurethane foam, springs, and stitching.
In ancient times, before the invention of the sewing machine and synthetic fabrics, solid wood or webbed platforms were used to make soft padded covers, including springs, grasses and coir, lashings, stuffing of animal hair, wools, scrims, bridle ties, hessians, stuffing ties, blind stitching, top stitching, flocks and wadding all built up by hand.
In today’s modern era, very soft and comfortable materials are available for upholstery.
For Wadding & Padding
♦ Cotton Wadding ♦ Hollow-Fill Fiber ♦ Polyester Wedding ♦ Wool Wadding
is used. Along with this, many types of foam such as
♦ High-Density Foam ♦ Medium-Density Foam ♦ Low-Density Foam ♦ High-Resiliency Foam ♦ Latex Foam ♦ Memory Foam